Peptide is the most popular topic these days related to growth hormones. Various peptides are being suggested for but not all produce the desired results. Some come with side effects and are still under laboratory monitoring. Peptides are defined as the compounds that have two or more amino acids, in which the carboxyl group of an amino acid is bound to the amino group of the other amino acid. When the water molecule is eliminated, the peptide bond is formed. You can find all the information about peptide on American Science Labs. Moreover, there is an elaborate explanation on http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/genetics/biotech/basics/prostruct.htmlalso available here.
They are basically small proteins. Technically, the compounds with less than fifty amino acids are considered peptides. Dipeptides are made of two amino acids joined together by a peptide bond. Tripeptides are three amino acids with two peptide bonds binding them, and so on and so forth. A polypeptide is a long un-branched amino acid chains joined by peptide bonds but they are not complex enough to be categorized under proteins.
Intake and production of amino acid is necessary for the production of peptides ads the peptides are made of amino acids. The production of peptide is down- regulated based on the age, life style, stress, physical changes and diet. For example, Insulin like Growth Factor, IGF- 1 is down regulated upon ageing and stress.
There are numerous functions of peptide; some peptides act as neurotransmitters and others act like hormones. Various amino acids are required in sufficient amount to produce important hormones like growth hormones. If there is no proper production or absorption of these amino acids, then there will be decreased production of hormone. Peptides can help in growth stimulation by increase the secretion of growth hormones in test animals.
Amino acid supplementation is commonly seen used for laboratory studies to understand the growth patterns; but peptide supplementation is now becoming common. The advantage of the peptide intake is said to be their smaller size, which will be easier to promote breakdown and does not have to break larger molecules. The peptides are also thought to be more stable and beneficial than unbounded amino acids.
Glutamine and creatinine are the popular peptides that can be quickly absorbed and also has fewer side effects. Here are general peptide formulations that provide a large spectrum of amino acids which come in powder and pill form. They are commonly called ‘pre- digested’ peptides or proteins. They are the most easily digestible and stable form of amino acids.
Peptides are taken mainly to increase the production of growth hormone in test animals, which increases the lean body mass and reduces the body fat percentage. These peptides are legally available only for research purposes conducted on test animals in laboratory condition. Peptides help in absorbing more of the bio-available amino acids and help in production of growth hormones when the body naturally lacks the growth hormone or there is decreased production. There are many types of peptide but not all showcase the same behavioral patterns and yield the same results.